Last year I took a beginner’s Japanese class at my school. Luckily I did because that gave me the opportunity to travel to Japan and South Korea. Currently, I am not taking another Japanese class–or any language class–because of scheduling difficulties, and because of this, I decided to teach myself Korean.
In my opinion, Korean is harder to learn than Japanese as a native-English speaker. In Japanese, there are three different alphabets–Hiragana, Katakana, Kanji–while Korean only has one–Hangul. All Japanese characters are easy to romanize while Korean characters cannot be easily romanized. There is no universal romanization of Hangul characters, so depending on what source you use you’ll get mixed results for the romanization. For me, it is hard to learn Hangul without the ease of romanization because a lot of the Hangul characters are extremely similar sounding. The differences are easy for native-speakers, but as someone learning the differences, it can be extremely frustrating and confusing.
I don’t regret trying to teach myself Korean, but I do need to get better tools to learn Hangul and the rest of the Korean language. As I try to search for good tools to learn Korean without a teacher, I am becoming fairly knowledgeable about the programs offered on the internet.
Here are my ratings of different programs and how well they can teach you a language, focusing on their ability to teach Korean:
- Duolingo: I like how the apps looks and all the different languages they offer. It does teach you Hangul, but not in a good way for someone just starting out. I like that how many free lessons there are with very little advertisements you have to look at, and I like that you can earn achievements and join clubs to talk to people in your target language. I also like that it focuses on the idea of repetition is the best way to memorize words and concepts in a language, but the constant notifications are annoying. It is a very good app if you’ve already learned a language and want to build upon your previous knowledge. (Rating: 4 stars)
- Memrise: I like the interface and how you are traveling through space. They do teach you the alphabet, but it’s similar to Duolingo for me. It isn’t good for someone just starting out, but it’s good for review. A lot of features are free, but the videos of real people speaking the language are not free so I don’t like that. You do have to pay for a good part of the app and they ask you a lot about upgrading, so that is annoying. They do offer a lot of languages, so there is a lot you can learn besides Korean. (Rating: 3 stars)
- Mango Languages: I don’t like that it doesn’t teach you Hangul, and it doesn’t have a great organization of the vocab words. I do like that when learning the vocab words you learn the meaning, the literal meaning, and then the pronunciation. It also tells you when or how you use those words and the cultural meaning of different words. Not great for learning a language, but good for learning the culture behind the words. (Rating: 2 stars)
- Lingo Deer: One of my favorites. I like that they give you an introduction to Hangul in note form with audio on pronunciation and shows how you position each character. Then it goes into lessons teaching you the vowels and consonants with flashcards that tell you the pronunciation and how to write them. It also has a lot of good lessons such as determiners, possession, greeting, negation, questions, etc. This app is fun, free, and easy to use, especially when trying to learn Korean from scratch. Besides Korean, they also offer Japanese, French, Spanish, Chinese, German, Portuguese, and Vietnamese. (Rating: 4 Stars)
- Eggbun: Things I like about this app is that you learn while chatting with a bot, so it is a different way of learning a new language. It is also cute and easy to use, and the infographics on their blog are fun and teach you a lot of vocabulary and also teach you about cultural things. Things I don’t like about this app are that it is only for Korean and there aren’t a lot of courses on the app. I would recommend as a secondary app for learning Korean to review vocabulary and such, not as an app to teach you Korean alone. (Rating: 3 Stars)
- Babbel: Not good for learning Korean because they don’t offer it, but they do offer Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, and Polish. I did test it out with Russian and it is okay, but only as a learning app for traveling. It does teach you the alphabet, but the way they do so is not great. (Rating: 2 stars)
- Rosetta Stone: I like how the app looks and they offer a lot of different languages. For learning Korean, or any other non-latin based languages, it’s not great. It automatically starts with teaching you vocabulary words and never really teaches you the alphabet. I also don’t like how you only get a few lessons for free before you have to start paying. It is great to learn a couple vocab words before traveling to Korea, but as an app to actually learn the language, it is not great. It could actually be a good app, but I don’t want to pay to find out whether it’s good or not. (Rating: 1 Star)
- Mondly: Wouldn’t recommend this app for learning a language. You only get a few lessons for free, and even if you’re willing to pay the monthly fees, it’s only good for learning a language for a vacation. They do offer a lot of languages which is nice and the interface isn’t bad. (Rating: 1 Star)
(this list will update as I use more programs)